Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies

The Environmental Studies major, offered by the Department of Geography and Urban Studies, examines the nature, causes and consequences of human interactions with the environment. Students in Environmental Studies gain the intellectual and methodological tools to understand and address the crucial environmental issues of our time and the impact on individuals, society, and the planet.

The Environmental Studies gateway courses are designed to develop the theoretical and methodological frameworks and tools necessary to understand the relationships between people and their environment as they interact through local to global connections. Environmental studies majors are introduced to environmental processes, the geography of natural resources, geospatial technologies, and qualitative and quantitative social science research methods. In required courses and electives, students examine environmental policy and the role of political institutions; environmental decision-making; natural hazards and risk assessment; environmental ethics and legal issues; health and the environment, and environmental justice. The electives give students the opportunity to develop an area of emphasis around their particular interests.

Summary of Degree Requirements

University Requirements:

  • MATH 0701 (4 s.h.) and/or ENG 0701 (4 s.h.), if required by placement testing.
  • All Temple students must take a minimum of two writing-intensive courses as part of the major. The specific courses required for this major are ENST 2097 and ENST 4198.
  • Students must complete requirements of the General Education (GenEd) Program. See the General Education section of the Undergraduate Bulletin for more details.

College of Liberal Arts Requirements:

  • Completion of a minimum of 123 credits, including:
    • 90 credits in CLA/CST courses;
    • 45 credits of which must be at the upper level (numbered 2000-4999).
      • For Social Science majors, 6 upper level credits (numbered 2000-4999) must be taken in Humanities Subject Areas: Arabic, Chinese, English, French, German, Greek (Ancient), Greek and Roman Classics, Hebrew, Hindi, Italian, Japanese, Latin, Philosophy, Religion, Russian, and Spanish in the College of Liberal Arts, Art History in the Tyler School of Art, or any department in the College of Science and Technology.
    • A minimum GPA of 2.0, cumulatively, in CLA/CST coursework, and in the major.
    • Only courses in which a student receives a grade of at least C- can satisfy GenEd, major, minor, or CLA Foreign Language and Global Studies requirements.
  • Professional Development Requirement
    • All students in the College of Liberal Arts are required to take a 1 credit seminar in professional development. CLA 1002 Professional Development for Liberal Arts Majors is the appropriate course option for this major. Other courses that fulfill this requirement are ENG 1801 Career Seminar and PSY 1002 Careers in Psychology.
  • Foreign Language/Global Studies Requirements:
    • All students must complete or test out of the first and second levels of a foreign language - these courses are numbered 1001 and 1002;
    • All students must complete at least one course from the GenEd Global/World Society category; and
    • All Bachelor of Arts students must complete one of the following options:
      • Third semester of a foreign language;
      • Demonstrated proficiency beyond the third semester in a foreign language (placement exam or certification from the language department);
      • Take one Global Studies course from the list on the CLA College Graduation Requirements page;
      • Study Abroad at an approved program; or
      • Take a second General Education Global/World Society course.
    • Notes on Foreign Language Study
      • The third level of language is numbered 1003 in French, German, Italian, Spanish, and Portuguese and numbered 2001 in all other foreign language subjects.
      • Students are strongly encouraged to take the third level of a foreign language as it is the minimum required for election to the prestigious honor society Phi Beta Kappa. (Taking the course does not guarantee admission but not taking it guarantees exclusion.)
      • See the College of Liberal Arts Policies section of this Bulletin for more information on the Foreign Language Placement, Regression in Coursework, and guidelines for students' other experiences with language.

General Electives are typically one-third of a student's program of study and can be focused on a second major, a minor, or towards some other personal enrichment or professional goals. See an academic advisor for assistance in developing an academic plan for these courses.

Major Requirements (40-41 credits in Environmental Studies and related coursework):

Gateway courses
ENST 2001Environment and Society3
ENST 2002Physical Geography4
Research Methods courses
ENST 2097Research Design in Environmental Studies3
ENST 3062Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems3
ENST 3161Spatial Statistics3
Research Methods elective
Select one of the following:3
Fundamentals of Cartography
Environmental Remote Sensing
Qualitative Methods
Environmental Impact Assessment
Environmental GIS
Advanced Environmental Studies courses:
ENST 3004Geography of Natural Resources3
ENST 4198Senior Research Seminar3
Electives
Select three upper-level courses in ENST numbered 2003-4999. 19
Select one ENST course numbered 0800-4999 23
Select one course numbered 2000-4999 in ENST or from the approved electives list below.3-4
Total Credit Hours40-41
1

No electives may double-count between the Environmental Studies major and either the Geography & Urban Studies major or minor.

2

One General Education course taken in Environmental Studies may count towards the major.

Double-Counting Across Curricula

Many students elect to take a combination of the Environmental Studies major or minor and the Geography and Urban Studies major or minor as they are complementary programs.

The ONLY courses that can double-count between the Geography and Urban Studies and Environmental Studies majors are: GUS 3161/ENST 3161, GUS 2197/ENST 2097, and ENST 3062/GUS 3062. When used for the major in either program, these courses may not be used to fulfill the minor elective requirements of the other program. 

Note GUS 4198 and ENST 4198 are NOT cross-listed seminars. Anyone pursuing a double major in Geography & Urban Studies and Environmental Studies must take both capstone courses.

Students may not combine a major or minor in Environmental Studies and a major or minor in Environmental Science in the College of Science and Technology.

Environmental Studies Approved (non-ENST) Electives List

Students may use one elective from the list below toward the Environmental Studies Major to fulfill the Approved Elective requirement. This requirement can also be fulfilled with any ENST elective numbered 2003+.

Note: Upper-level Science and Liberal Arts courses from this list can be used to satisfy the CLA 45 credit upper-level distribution requirement, but not all courses below are offered within the College of Liberal Arts or College of Science and Technology. Please consult with a CLA Academic Advisor.

ANTH 2705Fundamentals of Biological Anthropology4
ANTH 3774Environmental Physiology and Health3
BIOL 2227Principles of Ecology3
BIOL 3244Experimental Marine Biology4
BIOL 3245Marine Ecology4
BIOL 3316Tropical Marine Biology4
BIOL 3336Freshwater Ecology4
BIOL 4327Biological Impacts of Global Climate Change3
BOT 1112Plant Ecology 13
CEE 4531Life Cycle Assessment and Carbon Footprinting3
CRP 2114Urban Form and Design3
CRP 2213Environmental Planning3
CRP 3256Sustainable Community Design and Development3
ECON 3513Economics of State and Local Governments3
ECON 3512Public Finance3
EES 2096Climate Change: Oceans To Atmosphere4
EES 2021Sedimentary Environments4
EES 2061Introduction to Geochemistry4
EES 3011Remote Sensing and GIS4
EES 3021Groundwater Hydrology4
ENVH 2102Environmental Health3
ENVT 4761Environmental Regulations3
HORT 2114Soils3
HORT 2334Food Crops I3
HORT 2353Food Crops II3
HORT 2552Trees in the Urban Landscape2
HORT 2575Introduction to Public Horticulture3
HORT 3514Landscape Restoration3
JRN 3253Health and Environmental Writing3
LARC 2144Landscape Architecture Design Studio II6
LARC 2496Landscape Traditions3
LARC 2758Summer Field Ecology3
1

Note: Only one course numbered below 1999 can count for the electives requirement.

Distinction in Major

Environmental Studies majors may graduate with distinction in major with a 3.5 in Environmental Studies coursework and a 3.0 GPA overall.

Suggested Academic Plan

Bachelor of Arts in Environmental Studies

Requirements for New Students starting in the 2016-2017 Academic Year

Year 1
FallCredit Hours
ENG 0802, 0812, or 0902Analytical Reading and Writing [GW]4
GenEd Quantitative Literacy Course [GQ]4
Foreign Language 1001 - first level4
GenEd Breadth Course3
 Term Credit Hours15
Spring
IH 0851 or 0951Mosaic: Humanities Seminar I [GY]3
Foreign Language 1002 - second level4
GenEd Breadth Course3
GenEd Breadth Course3
GenEd Breadth Course3
 Term Credit Hours16
Year 2
Fall
IH 0852 or 0952Mosaic: Humanities Seminar II [GZ]3
CLA/CST 2000+ Course3
ENST 2001Environment and Society3
GenEd Breadth Course3
Select one of the following:3
Foreign Language - third level
 
GenEd World Society Course
 
Internationally Focused Course From Approved List
 
 Term Credit Hours15
Spring
ENST 2002Physical Geography4
ENST 2097Research Design in Environmental Studies [WI]3
CLA 1002Professional Development for Liberal Arts Majors1
GenEd Breadth Course3
CLA/CST 0800-4999 Elective4
 Term Credit Hours15
Year 3
Fall
ENST 3161Spatial Statistics3
ENST 3062Fundamentals of Geographic Information Systems3
ENST Major Elective 0800-49993
GenEd Breadth3
CLA/CST 2000+ Humanities/CST Course3
One 0800-4999 Elective in Any School or College2
 Term Credit Hours17
Spring
ENST Research Methods Course (from list)3
ENST 3004Geography of Natural Resources3
ENST Major Elective 2000-49993
CLA/CST 2000+ Humanities/CST Course3
CLA/CST 0800-4999 Elective3
 Term Credit Hours15
Year 4
Fall
CLA/CST 2000+ Electives6
ENST Major Electives 2000-49996
One 0800-4999 Elective in Any School or College3
 Term Credit Hours15
Spring
ENST 4198Senior Research Seminar [WI]3
ENST Elective 2000-49993
CLA/CST 0800-4999 Electives6
One 0800-4999 Elective in Any School or College3
 Term Credit Hours15
 Total Credit Hours: 123