Asian Studies

asianstudies@temple.edu
www.cla.temple.edu/asian-studies/

Louis Mangione, Director
347 Anderson Hall
215-204-8247
mangione@temple.edu

Michelle Pugliese, Administrator
429 Anderson Hall
215-204-5628
pugliese@temple.edu

Peggy Shadding, Coordinator
330 Anderson Hall
215-204-8267
peggy.shadding@temple.edu

Asian Studies draws on the resources of many departments to provide a comprehensive program of study on Asia (especially East Asia). Majors may concentrate on a geographic area, field, or theme(s). By combining language with the study of politics, history, society, art, religion, philosophy, and literature, each student can construct a major tailored to his or her individual interests. The curriculum gives students a foundation for living or working in Asia, or continuing their studies through developing a knowledge base, cross-cultural sensitivity, analytic thinking, and communication and writing skills in English and Asian languages.

The Asian Studies program will assist students in:

  • understanding the broad foundations of at least one major Asian culture, including the history, culture, socio-economic, and political organization;
  • recognizing the utility of different humanistic and social science disciplines in understanding a culture;
  • understanding the distinction between theory and data and the links between the two components while drawing generalizations from actual social experience;
  • recognizing the way language serves as a foundation of culture;
  • understanding the issues and requirements of cross-cultural communication; and
  • taking more initiative in educating themselves, to make analytical generalizations, to make ethical choices, and to feel confident in these and other exercises of personal responsibility. 

Career Opportunities
After graduation, students find employment in a variety of fields, including international business, government, nonprofit organizations, and educational institutions. Some choose to continue their education in law, business, or pursue doctoral degrees in related academic fields, including history, religion, and Asian Studies.

Study Abroad at Temple University Japan
Temple University's campus in Tokyo, Japan (TUJ) can provide students with experience abroad while taking their coursework. If you have an interest in studying at TUJ consult the Office of Education Abroad and Overseas Campuses and the TUJ web site.

Student Organization
The East West Club offers lectures, films, and career development programs, as well as fun and fellowship through extracurricular activities.

Courses

ASST 0811. Asian Behavior & Thought. 3 Credit Hours.

We incessantly engage ourselves in doing things. We are beings-at-doing. We define ourselves by the kind of actions we perform. How we act or conduct ourselves is shaped by the kind of self we construct for ourselves. And that self is shaped by the society into which we happen to be born. Self-identity, which is socially and culturally constructed by our experiences and interactions with others, carries a personal as well as an interpersonal meaning. Learn the four Asian paradigmatic cases of self-identity and examine your self in light of them. NOTE: This course fulfills the Human Behavior (GB) requirement for students under GenEd and Individual & Society (IN) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed any of the following: CRIT 0811, PHIL 0811, REL 0811/0911, Chinese 0811, or Japanese 0811.

Course Attributes: GB

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0815. Language in Society. 3 Credit Hours.

How did language come about? How many languages are there in the world? How do people co-exist in countries where there are two or more languages? How do babies develop language? Should all immigrants take a language test when applying for citizenship? Should English become an official language of the United States? In this course we will address these and many other questions, taking linguistic facts as a point of departure and considering their implications for our society. Through discussions and hands-on projects, students will learn how to collect, analyze, and interpret language data and how to make informed decisions about language and education policies as voters and community members. NOTE: This course fulfills the Human Behavior (GB) requirement for students under GenEd and Individual & Society (IN) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed any of the following: ANTH 0815/0915, Chinese 0815, CSCD 0815, EDUC 0815/0915, English 0815, Italian 0815, PSY 0815, Russian 0815, or Spanish 0815.

Course Attributes: GB

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0817. Youth Cultures. 3 Credit Hours.

Do you listen to hip hop, spend all your time in Second Life, dress up like a cartoon character and go to anime fairs, or go skateboarding every day with your friends? Then you're part of the phenomenon called youth culture. Often related to gender, race, class and socio-economic circumstances, youth cultures enable young people to try on identities as they work their way to a clearer sense of self. Empowered by new technology tools and with the luxury of infinite virtual space, young people today can explore identities in ways not available to previous generations. Students in this class will investigate several youth cultures, looking closely at what it means to belong. They will also come to appreciate how the media and marketing construct youth identities and define youth cultures around the world. NOTE: This course fulfills the Human Behavior (GB) requirement for students under GenEd and Individual & Society (IN) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed ANTH 0817, EDUC 0817/0917 or SOC 0817.

Course Attributes: GB

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0834. Representing Race. 3 Credit Hours.

From classical Greeks and Romans, who saw themselves under siege by the "barbarian hordes," to contemporary America and its war on "Islamic extremism," from "The Birth of a Nation" to "Alien Nation," Western societies have repeatedly represented some group of people as threats to civilization. This course will examine a wide range of representations of non-Western people and cultures in film, literature, scientific and legal writings, popular culture and artistic expression. What is behind this impulse to divide the world into "us" and "them"? How is it bound up with our understanding of race and racial difference? And what happens when the "barbarian hordes" talk back? NOTE: This course fulfills the Race & Diversity (GD) requirement for students under GenEd and Studies in Race (RS) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed African American Studies 0834, Africology & African American Studies 0834, Anthropology 0834/0934, English 0834/0934, or History 0834.

Course Attributes: GD

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0862. Development & Globalization. 3 Credit Hours.

Use historical and case study methods to study the differences between rich and poor nations and the varied strategies available for development in a globalizing world. Examine the challenges facing developing countries in historical and contemporary context and analyze the main social, cultural, and political factors that interact with the dynamic forces of the world economy. These include imperialism/colonialism, state formation, labor migration, demographic trends, gender issues in development, religious movements and nationalism, the challenges to national sovereignty, waves of democratization, culture and mass media, struggles for human rights, environmental sustainability, the advantages and disadvantages of globalization, and movements of resistance. NOTE: This course fulfills the World Society (GG) requirement for students under GenEd and International Studies (IS) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed any of the following: History 0862, POLS 0862/0962, or SOC 0862/0962.

Course Attributes: GG

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0863. Religion in the World. 3 Credit Hours.

Learn about the major religious traditions found worldwide today: Hinduism, Buddhism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam, and several indigenous traditions. Examine the beliefs, practices, and values of these groups in order to understand the worldviews and ways of life of the people who practice them. Our interdisciplinary analysis and interpretation of specific examples of religious experience will help shed light on the overall meaning of religion and human existence. We will carefully consider examples while also focusing on particular thematic issues, like cosmology and ritual. Develop appreciation for the religious vibrancy and diversity that exist in human cultures while you actively engage in the learning process through class presentation, class participation, paper-writing, and a self-selected field trip. NOTE: This course fulfills the World Society (GG) requirement for students under GenEd and International Studies (IS) for students under Core. Duplicate Credit Warning: Students may take only one of the following courses for credit; all other instances will be deducted from their credit totals: Religion 0863, 0963, 1101, C053, Asian Studies 0863, Critical Languages 0863, or Philosophy 0863.

Course Attributes: GG

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0868. World Society in Literature & Film. 3 Credit Hours.

Learn about a particular national culture - Russian, Indian, French, Japanese, Italian, for example, each focused upon in separate sections of this course - by taking a guided tour of its literature and film. You don't need to speak Russian, Hindu, French or Japanese to take one of these exciting courses, and you will gain the fresh, subtle understanding that comes from integrating across different forms of human expression. Some of the issues that will be illuminated by looking at culture through the lens of literature and film: Family structures and how they are changing, national self-perceptions, pivotal moments in history, economic issues, social change and diversity. NOTE: This course fulfills the World Society (GG) requirement for students under GenEd and International Studies (IS) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed any of the following: Arabic 0868/0968, Chinese 0868/0968, English 0868/0968, French 0868/0968, German 0868/0968, Hebrew 0868, Italian 0868/0968, Japanese 0868/0968, Jewish Studies 0868, Korean 0868, LAS 0868/0968, Political Science 0868/0968, Russian 0868/0968, or Spanish 0868/0968.

Course Attributes: GG

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 0871. Arts in Cultural Context. 4 Credit Hours.

View the arts as an expression of cultural identity as it occurs across the globe. Each semester, we will focus on a particular world region or country, including but not limited to Russia, Japan, and Latin America. The exploration of cultural identity begins with an overview of the region or country's historical and religious influences and then studies the culture's arts, including the visual arts (painting, sculpture), musical traditions, literature (folktales, national mythology), the vernacular arts (crafts, storytelling), film and theater. You will take field trips or have experiences that will allow you to encounter the region's arts firsthand, and to develop a blended understanding of a people's cultural identity and the larger world. Note: This course fulfills the Arts (GA) requirement for students under GenEd and Arts (AR) for students under Core. Students cannot receive credit for this course if they have successfully completed any of the following: Arabic 0871, Hebrew 0871 or Russian 0871.

Course Attributes: GA

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1051. Premodern Asia. 3 Credit Hours.

This course covers state, society, and culture, including religion and literature in South, Southeast, and East Asia. The diffusion of Indian and Chinese civilizations to the Khmer Empire and Vietnam in Southeast Asia and to Japan, and in Korea will be overarching themes. Themes of continuity and change over time will be explored. Comparison of state, society and culture in major Asian regions will highlight cultural adaptation and introduce the diversity of Asian cultures and institutions.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1052. Modern Asia. 3 Credit Hours.

This course covers the incursions of Western imperialism, nationalism and independence movements, and postcolonial developments in South, Southeast, and East Asia. It will explore continuity and change in state, society, and culture in the major countries and regions. As in Asian Studies 1051 Premodern Asia, comparisons will shed light on similarities and differences in patterns of cultural adaptation and the diversity of Asian cultures and institutions.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1101. Introduction to World Religions. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to major world religions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, Judaism, Christianity, Islam) as a way of coming to know and appreciate the world views of other cultures. Attention to beliefs, values, and practices of these religions as ways of dealing with the issues basic to human life. NOTE: This course can be used to satisfy the university Core International Studies (IS) requirement. Although it may be usable towards graduation as a major requirement or university elective, it cannot be used to satisfy any of the university GenEd requirements. See your advisor for further information.

Course Attributes: IS

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1102. Introduction to Asian Religions. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to the major Asian religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto) with emphasis on the cultural roots of each religious tradition, the analysis of its principal teachings and practices, and the major cultural expressions in religious art, ritual, poetry, music, and scriptures. NOTE: This course can be used to satisfy the university Core International Studies (IS) requirement. Although it may be usable towards graduation as a major requirement or university elective, it cannot be used to satisfy any of the university GenEd requirements. See your advisor for further information. In addition to meeting the university Core International Studies requirement, this course meets the Non-Western/Third World IS requirement for Communication Sciences majors. Please note the recent update to the Core IS requirement at www.temple.edu/vpus/resources/coreupdates.htm#coreisupdate.

Course Attributes: IS

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1801. Chinese and Japanese Literature in Cultural Context. 3 Credit Hours.

A literary and cultural exploration of the worlds of classical and modern China and Japan. No knowledge of Chinese or Japanese language expected. NOTE: (1) AS Foundation Course. (2) This course can be used to satisfy the university Core International Studies (IS) requirement. Although it may be usable towards graduation as a major requirement or university elective, it cannot be used to satisfy any of the university GenEd requirements. See your advisor for further information. In addition to meeting the university Core International Studies requirement, this course meets the Non-Western/Third World IS requirement for Communication Sciences majors. Please note the recent update to the Core IS requirement at www.temple.edu/vpus/resources/coreupdates.htm#coreisupdate.

Course Attributes: IS

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1802. Arts of Asia. 3 Credit Hours.

Architecture, sculpture, painting, and the functional arts of Asia (India, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia). A historical examination of the art as a religious expression and as a product of changing social and economic conditions. The material culture of Asia will be examined with an emphasis on differing world views and perspectives with which to 'see' art. NOTE: (1) Course fee (about $20) and field trips required. (2) This course can be used to satisfy the university Core Arts (AR) requirement. Although it may be usable towards graduation as a major requirement or university elective, it cannot be used to satisfy any of the university GenEd requirements. See your advisor for further information.

Course Attributes: AR

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1901. Honors Chinese and Japanese Literature in Cultural Context. 3 Credit Hours.

A literary and cultural exploration of the worlds of classical and modern China and Japan. NOTE: AS Foundation Course. No knowledge of Chinese or Japanese language expected. Requires instructor's permission.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 1902. Honors Introduction to Asian Religions. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to the major Asian religious, philosophical, and cultural traditions (Hinduism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Taoism, Shinto) with emphasis on the cultural roots of each religious tradition, the analysis of its principal teachings and practices, and the major cultural expressions in religious art, ritual, poetry, music, and scriptures. NOTE: Requires instructor's permission.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2000. Special Topics in Asian Studies I. 2 to 4 Credit Hours.

Provides a cross listing for regular and writing intensive courses in other departments when they have substantial Asian Studies content. Also used for directed readings and new courses. NOTE: Cross listing arranged by Asian Studies Director.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 2001. Practical Asian Society and Culture. 3 Credit Hours.

Emphasizes practical Asian Studies knowledge and skills. This course provides a foundation for living and working in four countries: China, Japan, Korea, and India. It includes basic aspects of the culture of daily life and work, such as meeting people, communication patterns, entertaining, holidays, and taboos. The course also builds fundamental skills for independent research on Asian society and culture and develops basic presentation skills for use in the workplace and the Asian Studies capstone course. Student teams select and research one aspect of a society or culture, using print and online sources. NOTE: Required for Asian Business & Society Certificate.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2011. Survey of Japanese Literature Before 1868. 3 Credit Hours.

Novels, poetry, travel diaries, plays, and other genres from Japan's Heian through Edo periods. NOTE: No knowledge of Japanese language expected.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2012. Modern and Contemporary Japanese Literature in Translation. 3 Credit Hours.

Major writers and works of late 19th, 20th, and 21st century Japanese literature. NOTE: No knowledge of Japanese language expected. Prior to fall 2009, the course title was "Survey of Japanese Modern Literature."

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2013. Modern and Contemporary Chinese Literature in Translation. 3 Credit Hours.

This course focuses on 20th- and 21st-century literature from China. Among the major themes of the course are socio-political and cultural upheaval and transformation, fiction and nation, and gender, race and class relations. Students will read representative short stories, novels, poetry, and essays. Selected documentaries and feature films will supplement the literary texts. The course will help familiarize students with major writers and with the cultural and historical contexts in which they produced their works.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2014. Pre-Modern Chinese Literature. 3 Credit Hours.

This course provides an interdisciplinary introduction to Chinese literature from its inception to the early 18th century. Some of the course's readings are drawn from works well known in the west like the "Book of Songs," "Zhuangzi," the poems of the Tang poets Wang Wei, Li Bai, Du Fu, and Bai Juyi, and the Song poet Su Shi, and short stories by the dramatist and novelist Li Yu. Other readings include works less well known in the west but long considered central to various literary and performance traditions by many Chinese. This course will present its readings with an emphasis on their cultural and historical contexts. Special attention will be paid to the place they have in various Chinese literary traditions and how these traditions have contributed to both Chinese ways of understanding their own cultural heritage and how they have influenced western understandings of that heritage.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2015. Tokyo in Literature and Film. 3 Credit Hours.

Like all great cities, Tokyo simultaneously fascinates and frightens us. The course explores this fascination and fear through the work of leading writers and directors who have responded to and shaped the city in their work. Readings will include essays, short stories, and novels by authors such as Yasunari Kawabata, Fumiko Hayashi, Banana Yoshimoto, and Haruki Murakami. Films by directors such as Yasujiro Ozu, Satoshi Kon, and Shosuke Murakami will be reviewed and discussed.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2016. Mystery and Crime Fiction in Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

This course examines mystery and crime fiction in Japan through the work of writers such as Edogawa Rampo, Matsumoto Seicho, and Kirino Natsuo. Through critical analysis of novels and short stories, we'll seek insights into the anxieties and tensions of life in modern and contemporary Japan. We'll explore a range of socio-cultural issues in areas such as family life, education, careers, and gender relations. All readings and discussions are in English.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2017. Stories of Parents and Children in Japanese Literature and Film. 3 Credit Hours.

This course explores the portrayal of family relationships in modern and contemporary Japanese fiction and film. Topics for study and discussion include the tension between older and younger generations, and changing understandings of the family within Japanese society. The work of writers and filmmakers such as Soseki Natsume, Yasujiro Ojo, Kafu Nagai, Hirokazu Kore-eda, and Haruki Murakami will be examined. Class discussions and activities, readings, and written assignments aim at developing students' critical skills. Knowledge of Japanese is not required.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2021. Japanese Literature in Film. 3 Credit Hours.

Cinematic adaptations of Japanese novels and short stories, with the focus on principal figures of film and literature such as Kurosawa and Akutagawa. NOTE: No knowledge of Japanese language expected.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2022. Contemporary Chinese Urban Film and Fiction in Translation. 3 Credit Hours.

This course looks at a selection of Chinese cinematic and literary texts by contemporary filmmakers and writers from China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong. Through the study of film and fiction, we will examine how urban spaces and subjects have been delineated and imagined within the context of recent social and economic transformation and globalization. In particular, we will examine the different ways in which cinematic images and narrative structures celebrate the metropolis and convey the anxieties associated with it. We will explore a wide range of urban subjects as represented in film and fiction, and the ways in which they are shaped by and at the same time are shaping society and culture in China, Taiwan, and Hong Kong today.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2030. Special Topics I. 3 Credit Hours.

Arranged each semester, please consult with the instructor or the Asian Studies web site (http://www.temple.edu/asian_studies/) for a detailed description.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 2040. Special Topics II. 4 Credit Hours.

Arranged each semester, please consult with the instructor or the Asian Studies web site (http://www.temple.edu/asian_studies/) for a detailed description.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 2074. Geography of East and South Asia. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to the natural environments and diverse contemporary societies that comprise East, Southeast, and South Asia. Emphasis on such topics as poverty, economic development, and social conditions in India, Thailand, and the Philippines, as well as China, Japan, and Korea. NOTE: (1) AS Foundation Course. (2) This course can be used to satisfy the university Core International Studies (IS) requirement. Although it may be usable towards graduation as a major requirement or university elective, it cannot be used to satisfy any of the university GenEd requirements. See your advisor for further information. In addition to meeting the university Core International Studies requirement, this course meets the Non-Western/Third World IS requirement for Communication Sciences majors. Please note the recent update to the Core IS requirement at www.temple.edu/vpus/resources/coreupdates.htm#coreisupdate.

Course Attributes: IS

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2096. Writing Seminar I. 2 to 4 Credit Hours.

Provides a cross listing for regular and writing intensive courses in other departments when they have substantial Asian Studies content. Also used for directed readings and new courses. NOTE: Cross listing arranged by Asian Studies Director.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2097. Asian Diaspora. 3 Credit Hours.

Spurred by pressures of colonialism, economic change, nationalism, political repression and war as well as individual needs and adventurism, Asians have migrated from their homelands to new regions of the world within Asia as well as in Africa, the Caribbean, and Latin America, North America, and Europe. In considering the diaspora, familiar terms such as Asian, American, Community, and Nation are called into question by the multiplicity of experiences and identities of those who have ventured out from Eastern regions of the globe. This course examines the social experiences and cultural productions of Chinese, Japanese, and Filipinos who have journeyed to far flung lands and the terms that can be employed to analyze their experiences and cultures.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2098. Japanese Popular Culture and its Literature. 3 Credit Hours.

Contemporary culture and literature of Japan. NOTE: No knowledge of Japanese language expected.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2101. Religions of India. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the foundations, nature, and principles of classical Hinduism. An introduction to the fundamentals of Buddhism and Jainism.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2102. Introduction to Buddhism. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to the historical development of Buddhism in relation to other East Asian religions. Topics include the Four Noble Truths of Basic Buddhism, the Hinayana Mahayana controversy over Buddhist Dharma and practice, as well as the development of Buddhist thought throughout Asia.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2107. Asian American Experiences. 3 Credit Hours.

This introductory survey analyzes commonalities and differences in the historical and contemporary experiences of Asian American ethnic groups, Chinese, Japanese, Filipinos, Koreans, and South and Southeast Asians. It explores important ideas about the position of Asians in U.S. society, including racialization, assimilation, cultural pluralism, model minority thesis, split labor market, and internal colonialism. It begins with the arrival of the Chinese in the 1830s and ends with contemporary issues. Lectures and videos; emphasis on active student participation in learning through discussion and response papers. NOTE: This course can be used to satisfy the university Core Studies in Race (RS) requirement. Although it may be usable towards graduation as a major requirement or university elective, it cannot be used to satisfy any of the university GenEd requirements. See your advisor for further information.

Course Attributes: RS

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2196. Writing in the City. 3 Credit Hours.

Novels, short stories, poetry, and other literary forms both shape and reflect how cities are understood and experienced. "Writing in the City" focuses on literary expressions of the modern and contemporary urban experience in cities such as Shanghai, Seoul, Singapore, Taipei, and Tokyo. This writing-intensive course will offer students the chance to engage with writing from at least two cities (in different Asian countries), focusing on thematic areas that include gender and family, history and memory, and crime and corruption. The main writing-related goals of this course include developing the skills to present evidence-based arguments supported by research, to use a close reading methodology to write an analysis of a literary text, and to carry out effective scholarly peer review. Class discussions and assignments will help students become acquainted with current theoretical and methodological approaches in the fields of Asian studies and literary studies. All readings are English translations of work originally published in languages that include Chinese, Japanese, and Korean.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2201. Chinese Religions. 3 Credit Hours.

Critical study of the development of Chinese religions from the time of Confucius to Mao, including the problem of ideological continuity in contemporary China (Maoist Marxism versus Confucianism).

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2217. The Vietnam War. 3 Credit Hours.

An attempt to probe in-depth one of the most significant and controversial episodes of recent American history. The history of Vietnam since the 19th century with equal emphasis on the First and Second Indochina Wars. The impact of the war on the domestic and international scenes and its multiple legacies. Television and film from the period and guest speakers.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2238. Visual Anthropology of Modern Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

This course offers an anthropological approach to systems of visual communication that are central to understanding Japanese society and culture. Themes and perspectives from visual anthropology will be applied to visual sign systems of everyday life (writing, clothes, food, etc.), to the prevalence and influences of popular culture emphasizing mass mediated forms of manga (comic books), advertisements, etc. The course will also include ethnographic films about Japanese culture as well as a review of how Japanese culture is communicated to mass audiences through classic and contemporary feature films as well as network television. We will try to unpack some of the stereotypic reductions common to superficial knowledge of Japan and Japanese culture.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2301. Introduction to Zen Buddhism. 3 Credit Hours.

This course surveys the historical development of Zen Buddhism as it unfolds in India, China, and Japan, and focuses on the examination of the nature of satori experience. Analyzes its existential meaning from perspectives of therapy, Zen practice, and philosophy.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2351. Japan in a Changing World. 3 Credit Hours.

An examination and analysis of the key elements that contribute to Japan's behavior in the global arena. The development of Japan's interaction with foreign powers, the psychological underpinnings of its diplomacy, and the creation of Tokyo's world view will be discussed.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2367. South Asia: Peoples, Culture, Experiences. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the peoples and cultures of the Indian subcontinent. The course will focus on the indigenous religions of India: Hinduism, Jainism, and Buddhism as well as Islam, Christianity, and Zoroastrianism as brought to western India by migrants.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2373. Japanese Culture. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to traditional and contemporary Japanese culture. Topics covered include: early literature, aesthetic principles as expressed in art and architecture, religion, gender roles, Japan's shifting relationships with the outside world, rural communities and urban centers in the 20th century, and the construction of the self in modern Japan.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2374. The Anthropology of Modern China. 3 Credit Hours.

This course provides an introduction to the culture and society of the contemporary People's Republic of China (P.R.C.). The first half of the course explores the dramatic changes in both rural and urban sectors of Chinese society since the turn of the century, with a particular focus on post-1949 Maoist and post-Mao socialist transformations. The second half of the course examines such topics as gender and the status of women, ethnic minorities, religion and healing, the self and society, the Party and the state, and P.R.C. narratives of modernity. Throughout, the P.R.C. will be examined as a society that embodies a distinctively Chinese synthesis of tradition and modernity.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2501. Introduction to East Asia: China. 3 Credit Hours.

Within the context of larger processes of socioeconomic and cultural change, this course examines the development of characteristic institutions and thought in traditional China and revolutionary transformation in the modern era. This approach is designed to provide the student with a basic understanding of state, society, and culture in China, the major themes of Chinese history, and more generally, broad processes of social change. NOTE: AS Foundation Course. Usually offered in alternate years or summer on Main Campus.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2502. Introduction to East Asia: Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

A survey of Japanese history to the 20th century. Major themes include religious, political, and social change. Major topics are: the early centralized state, the rise of aristocratic culture, the emergence of the warrior class, and the modern transformation into an urban, industrial empire. Course materials include primary documents in translation and videos. NOTE: AS Foundation Course. Usually offered in alternate years on Main Campus.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2503. Introduction to Southeast Asia: Insular. 3 Credit Hours.

Covers the histories of the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Singapore from the 16th century until modern times. The course will introduce students to the island worlds of Southeast Asia, its peoples, their histories, societies, and economies. To familiarize students with non-Western worlds, lectures will be illustrated with videotapes, slides, and transparencies. Excerpts of articles and indigenous documents will also be used for discussion.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2504. Introduction to Southeast Asia: Mainland. 3 Credit Hours.

Covers the histories of Myanmar (Burma), Thailand, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam, from the 16th century until modern times. It is a course designed to introduce students to the analysis of such forces as religion, statecraft, and trade, and the manner in which they have shaped the mainland countries of Southeast Asia. Reference will be made to contemporary events taking place in the region, and students will be encouraged to follow these developments through the media and integrate their knowledge in class discussions. Course work will include readings, discussions, films, examinations, and book reviews.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2511. Introduction to Asian Business. 3 Credit Hours.

An overview of Asian business practices and their economic, political, and social contexts, with emphasis on Japan, China, Korea, and India. Asian Studies and other non-business majors/minors are welcome. NOTE: Required for Asian Business and Society Certificate.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2606. Introduction to Islam. 3 Credit Hours.

Analysis of the tawhid, essence of Islam, of its basic categories for religious life, law, theology, literature, philosophy, art, and science. Survey of the major phenomena of Islamic civilization in their relation to tawhid.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2696. Introduction to Islam. 3 Credit Hours.

Analysis of the tawhid, essence of Islam, of its basic categories for religious life, law, theology, literature, philosophy, art, and science. Survey of the major phenomena of Islamic civilization in their relation to tawhid.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2807. East Meets West. 4 Credit Hours.

A study of the impact of East-West cultural exchanges throughout Japanese art history, concentrating on four main areas: early Buddhist imagery and the influence of Hellenistic and Indian sculpture and paintings; Namban art (art of the southern barbarians) and the effect of the Western approach on the treatment of space in two-dimensional Japanese art; Japonisme and the impact of wood-block prints on European and American artists (Degas, Lautrec, Whistler, Mary Cassatt, etc.); Japanese architecture as an inspiration for modern architects (Bruno Taut, Le Corbusier, F. L. Wright) and cross-cultural Western influences on Japanese architects (Tange, Isozaki, Edward Suzuki, etc.).

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2815. Japanese Art. 4 Credit Hours.

A look at Japanese history through art, with the primary focus on design and pattern. The course will examine all the major art forms from the earliest times to the present.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2818. Art of India. 4 Credit Hours.

The art and architecture of the Indian sub-continent from 2500 B.C. to the present. The Hindu, Buddhist, Jain, and Islamic religions have been crucially important for the formation of South Asian culture and art. This class will emphasize how religious ideas have been made visually manifest in the arts. The role of art in the formation of modern India will also be examined. NOTE: Field trips required.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2903. Honors Ethnic and Social Minorities in Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 2921. Honors Japanese Literature in Film. 3 Credit Hours.

Cinematic adaptations of Japanese novels and short stories, with the focus on principal figures of film and literature such as Kurosawa and Akutagawa. NOTE: No knowledge of Japanese language expected.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3000. Special Topics in Asian Studies II. 2 to 4 Credit Hours.

Provides a cross listing for regular and writing intensive courses in other departments when they have substantial Asian Studies content. Also used for directed readings and new courses. NOTE: Cross listing arranged by Asian Studies Director.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 3001. Earth Ethics. 3 Credit Hours.

This course examines the relationship of human and environmental science to ethical principles. By analyzing case studies that deal with resource sustainability, environmental protection, divergent views of technology and respect for all forms of life, students will assess individual life-styles and alternative visions of the good life on planet earth.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3011. Monks, Masters, and Magicians: Religion in Premodern Chinese Literature. 3 Credit Hours.

This course offers an introduction into the rich heritage of Chinese literature before 1911 with a focus on religious culture. We will follow Buddhist nuns and monks, Daoist masters and Confucian scholars on their adventures through 2000 years of Chinese history. Thematically, the class will focus on texts that show how Chinese religious traditions (Confucianism, Daoism, and Buddhism) were depicted in secular literature, but will also include narrative religious texts. From 3rd century miracle tales, to the classical novels of the Ming and Qing dynasty, we will look at Chinese religion through the lens of literature. Next to the readings themselves, we will cover more general aspects such as the relationship of literature to historical facts and notions of genre and motif as they apply to China.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3030. Special Topics III. 3 Credit Hours.

Arranged each semester, please consult with the instructor or the Asian Studies web site (http://www.temple.edu/asian_studies/) for a detailed description.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 3031. Women in Chinese Literature. 3 Credit Hours.

This course focuses on women writers and women as characters in premodern, modern, and contemporary Chinese literature. Texts will include poetry, novels, short stories, and drama. Gender, representation, and women's roles in the history of Chinese literature are among the topics that will be covered. Knowledge of Chinese is not required. The class will be conducted in English, and all readings will be in English translation.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3040. Special Topics IV. 4 Credit Hours.

Arranged each semester, please consult with the instructor or the Asian Studies web site (http://www.temple.edu/asian_studies/) for a detailed description.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 3052. Environmental Problems in Asia. 3 Credit Hours.

Japan is used as an introduction and model for examining environmental issues in several east and southeast Asian countries. Emphasis is on deforestation, river basin development, urban planning, ecotourism, and role of non-governmental organizations.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3076. Metropolitan Tokyo. 3 Credit Hours.

The growth and development of Tokyo, past and present. The course includes a profile of the city's many neighborhoods, economic activities, architecture, and challenges for urban planners.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3082. Independent Study. 1 to 4 Credit Hour.

Directed reading and/or research on an Asian Studies topic. Required: A faculty supervisor, good study skills, and the ability to work independently.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 3096. Writing Seminar II. 2 to 4 Credit Hours.

Provides a cross listing for regular and writing intensive courses in other departments when they have substantial Asian Studies content. Also used for directed readings and new courses. NOTE: Cross listing arranged by Asian Studies Director.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3101. Yoga and Tantric Mysticism. 3 Credit Hours.

Explores Yoga as well as Tantric Mysticism in India and South Asia.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3201. I-Ching, Tao, and Ch'an/Zen. 3 Credit Hours.

This course covers selected topics in the history of Taoist ideas and religious practice, which have broadly influenced China for two and a half millennia. Discussion topics include: symbols and divination; the philosophy of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu; the interaction between Taoism and Ch'an/Zen Buddhism; the Taoist/Ch'an influence on the Chinese literary tradition and ideals of beauty; the Taoist view on ch'i energy, meditation, sexuality, and the good life; and Taoism/Zen in America today.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3247. Ideology and Social Change in Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

A sociological look at the conditions that have contributed to Japan's emergence as a world-class economic force. How do culture, social organization, life style, ideology, and global political change to affect Japan's rapid rise to power? Is Japan a closed society? What significance do factors such as racism, religion, education, family, the military, class, and population changes hold for understanding what happened in Japan and in Japan's relations with outsiders, particularly the U.S.? How does this analysis affect the future of American sociology?

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3251. China: State and Society. 3 Credit Hours.

Contemporary Chinese government and politics, together with a survey of the political history of China in the 20th century. Emphasis is on the evolution of the political system and political culture through successive periods of reform and repression. Note: Prior to fall 2010, the course title was "China: Politics and Revolution."

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3252. East Asia and the United States. 3 Credit Hours.

The development of the Pacific Rim strategy in Japan over the past century and its spread into other regions of Asia, including South Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and even mainland China. The strengths, problems, and implications for the United States of this pattern of development are examined.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3301. Japanese Religions. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to Japanese religions, their origins, and development in the social, cultural and intellectual history of Japan. Religions covered are: Shinto, Japanese Buddhism, folk religions, Japanese Confucianism, and the New Religions. Some attention to expression of Japanese spirituality in the fine arts, martial arts, festivals, and rituals.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3302. Japanese Buddhism. 3 Credit Hours.

Introduction to classical thinkers of Japanese Buddhism: Kukai, Dogen, Shinran, Nichiran, Hakuin. Schools covered are: Shingon, Pure Land, Soto Zen, Rinzai Zen, Nichiren.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3521. Chinese Revolution. 3 Credit Hours.

The history of China from the Opium Wars to 1919. Topics to be discussed include the decline of the traditional order, the impact of imperialism, the rise of nationalism, the revolution of Sun Yat-sen, and socio-cultural ferment.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3522. Contemporary China. 3 Credit Hours.

The rise of nationalism, social-cultural changes, and revolutions since the late 19th century. Developments after 1949 in detail.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3531. Modern India. 3 Credit Hours.

Major political issues are colonialism, nationalism, non-violent political struggle, independence and adjustment, regionalism and tension, leadership in a third world movement, relations with the U.S.A. Social issues include coping with inequality, population explosion, hunger, regional violence, and new popular organizations. Major personalities: Mahatma Gandhi, Jawaharal Nehru, Sardar Patel, Indira Gandhi, Jayaprakash Narayan, Sri Aurobindo.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3541. Japan Today. 3 Credit Hours.

Examines significant social, economic, and cultural trends in Japan from 1945 to the 1990s-the Occupation; the 'economic miracle,' state and society; the world of work; family, women and gender; international relations; impact of affluence; post-bubble Japan; and varying approaches to the study of postwar Japanese history and society. NOTE: Usually offered alternate years on Main Campus.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3542. Women and Society in Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

This course analyzes the changing position of women in Japanese society from ancient times to the present. Through discussions, lectures, and audiovisual materials, students learn about goddesses, female diviners, empresses, the classical female writers, women in warrior culture, women in industrializing Japan, and Japanese women's movements.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3551. History of Vietnam. 3 Credit Hours.

Emphasizing cultural, social, and economic factors, the course traces Vietnamese history from its mythological origins to the 21st century. Topics include indigenous social formations, the period of Chinese domination, the rise of independent Vietnamese dynasties, the French colonial era, the Vietnamese Revolution, and the three Indochina Wars, including the Vietnam Conflict in the 20th century. It will close with consideration of life under the current Socialist Republic of Vietnam.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3556. Vietnam, 1945-1992: Resistance, War, and Society. 3 Credit Hours.

First known as the Democratic Republic of Vietnam, today's Socialist Republic of Vietnam was created in the wave of nationalism which swept through Southeast Asia at the end of the War in the Pacific in 1945. This course examines the internal and external forces which shaped the new state, paying close attention to the role of the communist party. We will use books based on recent archival research, mainly in Vietnam and France, to attempt to move beyond the ideological history and prejudices of the Cold War. Vietnam provides a fascinating case study of a country which was both strongly influenced by the Cold War, but which at the same time itself had a strong influence on the course of international history. This course is cross-listed with History 3556.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3636. Asian Women in Transition. 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces and compares the experiences of women in Asia and Asian women in migration to the United States in the modern period, including rural and urban women, and ordinary and elite women in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Topics include women in households, women and work, and women's activism.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3696. Asian Women in Transition. 3 Credit Hours.

This course introduces and compares the experiences of women in Asia and Asian women in migration to the United States in the modern period, including rural and urban women, and ordinary and elite women in the late 19th and 20th centuries. Topics include women in households, women and work, and women's activism.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3880. Topics in Comparative History. 3 Credit Hours.

SECTION 001 (MAIN CAMPUS): Asian Biographies: Traditional and Otherwise. In the Confucian and Islamic traditions the writing of the lives of virtuous men has been central to the establishment of state legitimacy and the transmission of cultural values. In the past women were only rarely been included in the pantheon of heroes. This course considers the traditions and uses of biography and autobiography in Asia, a crucial issue in historiography, by examining traditional approaches to biography and autobiography, and by tracing the evolution of these traditions, as adapted to the needs of modern civil society and state. SECTION 101 (AMBLER): Comparative Revolutions in South and Southeast Asia: Nationalism, Communism, and Tradition. This course examines 20th century transformations of Afghanistan, Indonesia and Vietnam, with an emphasis on the sources of ideas for revolutionary change. We will contrast the role of Western concepts, including those spread to colonial countries via the Communist International in Moscow, with the importance of indigenous beliefs and Asian religions in the revolutions in these three countries. We'll also consider the role of colonial and imperial powers in encouraging obscurantist (often referred to as traditional) doctrines.

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 3900. Honors Topics in Asian Studies II. 3 Credit Hours.

Provides a cross listing for honors courses in other departments when they have substantial Asian Studies content. Also used for directed readings and new courses.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may be repeated for additional credit.

ASST 3904. Honors Earth Ethics. 3 Credit Hours.

What is, or should be, our relation to the natural world? Especially since we are presently living in a modern urban environment, have we perhaps outgrown nature? Is it something we have mastered? Is it primarily a luxury of sorts that we can go to for periodic enjoyment or relaxation? On the other hand, why do we seem to be in a burgeoning environmental crisis? Is it just greed? Too many people? Insufficient technology? How did we get to where we are? Or more immediately--and perhaps deeply--what fundamental beliefs, attitudes, and values shape our everyday actions, how we perceive and use (or misuse) the earth? What creative alternatives can we find, and how can we apply them? In addressing these kinds of questions we will explore both Western and Asian ways of conceiving and interacting with the natural world, past and present. Our approach will also be interdisciplinary, including materials from art, film and literature, as well a range of academic disciplines. NOTE: This is an University Honors course.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3928. Honors Metropolitan Tokyo. 3 Credit Hours.

This is an honors version of Metropolitan Tokyo. The course looks at the growth and development of Tokyo, Japan, past and present. It includes a profile of the city's many neighborhoods, economic activities, architecture, and challenges for urban planners. NOTE: Usually offered at Temple Japan.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3942. Honors Women and Society in Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

This Honors course analyzes the changing position of women in Japanese society from ancient times to the present. Through discussions, lectures, and audiovisual materials, students learn about goddesses, female diviners, empresses, the classical female writers, women in warrior culture, women in industrializing Japan, and Japanese women's movements. NOTE: This is an Honors course.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 3947. Honors Ideology and Social Change in Japan. 3 Credit Hours.

A sociological look at the conditions that have contributed to Japan's emergence as a world-class economic force. How did culture, social organization, lifestyle, ideology, and global political change fit together and react to affect Japan's rapid rise to power? Is Japan a closed society? What significance do factors such as racism, religion, education, family, the military, class, and population changes hold for understanding what happened in Japan and in Japan's relations with outsiders, particularly the United States? How does this analysis affect the future of American sociology? NOTE: This is an Honors course.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 4096. Seminar in Asian Studies. 3 Credit Hours.

In this capstone writing course you will do independent research on Asia. You'll deepen your skills in choosing bibliographic tools, in finding and evaluating authoritative sources, including primary materials translated from Asian languages, and organizing and properly formatting a research paper. In consultation with the instructor, you'll choose a topic to meet your interests and professional needs. Required for majors; good to take in junior year. NOTE: Required for the Asian Studies major.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 4268. Indian Philosophy: An Introduction. 3 Credit Hours.

Beginnings of Indian philosophical thinking in the hymns of Rig Veda and The Upanishads and the major schools of Indian philosophy as they took shape during the next thousand years. The latter include Samkhya, the Buddhist schools, the Vaiseskika, the Nyaya, and the major schools of Vedanta. Issues in metaphysics, epistemology, and logic emphasized.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 4624. Modern Japan: Empire, War, Society. 3 Credit Hours.

Was early modern Japan (1600-1867) static or dynamic? Do the roots of Japan's modern achievements (1868-1945) lie in her early modern culture? What happened to Japan after the 1868 Meiji Restoration, and why? Was modernity a blessing or a curse? We'll find answers to questions like these as we survey Japanese society, culture, and events and trends at home and abroad from the Tokugawa shogunate to the Pacific War. Assignments focus on writing a comparative review.

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 4696. Modern Japan: Empire, War, Society. 3 Credit Hours.

Was early modern Japan (1600-1867) static or dynamic? Do the roots of Japan's modern achievements (1868-1945) lie in her early modern culture? What happened to Japan after the 1868 Meiji Restoration, and why? Was modernity a blessing or a curse? We'll find answers to questions like these as we survey Japanese society, culture, and events and trends at home and abroad from the Tokugawa shogunate to the Pacific War. Assignments focus on writing a comparative review.

Course Attributes: WI

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.

ASST 4901. Honors Comparative Philosophy of Religions. 3 Credit Hours.

An introduction to the comparative philosophy of Asian and Western religions. After asking what is meant by the comparative philosophy of religion, the focus will be on a comparative philosophical study of basic concepts and issues in Western and Asian religious traditions. For example, we will look at the concepts of divine or ultimate reality, arguments for the existence of an ultimate reality, the relation of faith and reason, critiques of religion, the problem of evil, the concepts of personal destiny and immortality, the relation of religion to morality, religious and mystical experience, the nature of religious language, the problem of conflicting truth claims, and religious pluralism. NOTE: This is an Honors course.

Cohort Restrictions: Must be enrolled in one of the following Cohorts: SCHONORS, UHONORS, UHONORSTR.

Course Attributes: HO

Repeatability: This course may not be repeated for additional credits.